Linux File System


This is a quick reference to the Linux file system.

The common file systems used on new Linux installations are:

  • EXT4
  • XFS

Ext4 omogućuje da se smanjuje i proširiti volumena, a XFS samo dopušta da se proširi volumena.



Oba ext4 i xfs se žurnalske sisteme datoteka što znači kada se piše / čuvanje datoteka na disk, the file system will save somewhere else temporarily until the full file has been successfully saved. It makes a log of the status of the write and will complete save operations by checking the log. This approach cuts down on corrupted files.


Brisanje i uređivanje datoteka

Linux omogućava brisanje i uređivanje otvorene datoteke. This is done by still linking the files to the OS even if it deleted. You can also move files whilst being partially downloaded or delete programs that are currently running without crashing.



Linux sistema datoteka imaju za cilj smanjenje fragmentacije držeći dovoljno prostora između datoteka na tvrdom disku. This allows files to grow and still be written to the same location on the hard disk. Overtime though the file system can become fragmented where tools are provided for de-fragmentation.