The File System Linux


This is a quick reference to the Linux file system.

The common file systems used on new Linux installations are:

  • EXT4
  • XFS

Ext4 u ogolaanaya in ay dib ugama iyo ballaariyo Muga, halka XFS kaliya u ogolaanaya in ay ballaariso Muga.



Ext4 iyo xfs Labada journalling nidaamka file taas oo macnaheedu yahay marka qoraal / files badbaadiyo in disk ah, the file system will save somewhere else temporarily until the full file has been successfully saved. It makes a log of the status of the write and will complete save operations by checking the log. This approach cuts down on corrupted files.


Takhalusid iyo ayeey Files

Linux u ogolaanaya in ay tirtirto iyo edit files furan. This is done by still linking the files to the OS even if it deleted. You can also move files whilst being partially downloaded or delete programs that are currently running without crashing.



Nidaamyada file Linux waxaa loogu talagalay si loo yareeyo midnimo oo ay dhawrto meel ku filan u dhexeeya files on disk adag. This allows files to grow and still be written to the same location on the hard disk. Overtime though the file system can become fragmented where tools are provided for de-fragmentation.





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