Linux Sylfaenol Ardaloedd Rheoli ar Linux a Windows Systemau Gweithredu

This writing is useful for those that wish to get started with Linux commands. Here you will find the most common commands that are used in Linux.

If you would like to run Linux commands on Windows then install Cygwin. Cygwin is a Linux layer on top of Windows that allows you to use Linux commands in Windows.

Os byddwch yn gosod Cygwin ar Windows, yna mae'r llwybr rhagosodedig pan fyddwch yn dechrau, bydd y derfynell Cygwin yn:

C:\cygwin64\home\{username}

 

Creu Enghraifft ffeil notepad newydd

touch textfile.txt

 

Cyfeiriadur Newid

cd {directory path\name}

 

List directory content in long format ( -l ) including hidden files and directories ( -a )

ls -l -a

ls -al

 

Order files and directories by the time they were last modified

ls -t

 

List directory with pause and scrolling

ls -l | less

 

Dangos lleoliad presennol (print working directory)

pwd

 

Dyfyniad diwethaf 100 eiriau o ffeil

tail -100 {filename.extension}

 

Dyfyniad yn gyntaf 100 rhesi o ffeil

head -100 {filename.extension}

 

Copi ffeil

cp {source} {destination}

 

Symud ffeil

mv {source} {destination}

 

Gwnewch cyfeiriadur newydd

mkdir {new directory name}

 

Dileu'r ffeil

rm {filename}

 

Delete an empty directory

rmdir {directory to remove}
rm -d{directory to remove}

 

Delete directory and its contents

rm -r {directory to remove}
rm -R{directory to remove}

 

Trefnu yn cynnwys y ffeil

sort {filename to sort}

 

Dileu cofnodion dyblyg mewn ffeil

uniq {filename to remove duplicates}

 

Cywasgu ffeiliau

gzip {filename}

 

Cywasgu cyfeiriadur

gzip -r {directory name}

 

Cyfrifwch nifer y rhesi a geiriau mewn ffeil testun

wc {filename}

 

Search text within files for matching string pattern (case sensitive)

grep 'word' {filename}

 

Search text within files for matching string pattern (case insensitive)

grep -i 'word' {filename}

 

Search with a directory

grep -R Arctic /home/ccuser/workspace/geography

 

Cynnwys Arddangos o ffeil destun

cat

 

sed stream editor (similar to find and replace)

sed 's/snow/rain/' forests.txt

 

Newid ffeiliau a chyfeiriadur caniatadau

chmod {options} {permissions} {filename}

 

Rhestrwch gorchmynion diweddar a ddefnyddir

history

 

Yn awtomatig yn trefnu tasgau

cron
crontab

 

Hawliau'r ffeil Newid

chmod {permission number} {some file or directory}
chmod 777 /storage

 

Newid caniatâd ffeil recursive

chmod -R {permission number} {some file or directory}

 

 

Gadael Ymateb