A Linux File System


This is a quick reference to the Linux file system.

The common file systems used on new Linux installations are:

  • EXT4
  • XFS

Ext4 damar zuwa ji ƙyama da kuma fadada kundin, alhãli kuwa XFS kawai damar fadada kundin.



Biyu ext4 da xfs ake journalling fayil tsarin wanda ke nufin lokacin rubuta / ceton fayiloli zuwa faifai, the file system will save somewhere else temporarily until the full file has been successfully saved. It makes a log of the status of the write and will complete save operations by checking the log. This approach cuts down on corrupted files.


Share kuma Shirya Files

Linux damar share fayiloli da shirya bude. This is done by still linking the files to the OS even if it deleted. You can also move files whilst being partially downloaded or delete programs that are currently running without crashing.



Linux fayil tsarin da ake tsara don rage girman fragmentation ta ajiye isa sararin samaniya tsakanin fayiloli a kan wuya faifai. This allows files to grow and still be written to the same location on the hard disk. Overtime though the file system can become fragmented where tools are provided for de-fragmentation.





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