Il File System Linux

 

This is a quick reference to the Linux file system.

The common file systems used on new Linux installations are:

  • Ext4
  • XFS

Ext4 tippermetti li tiċkien u jespandu volumi, billi XFS jippermetti biss li jespandu volumi.

 

Journalling

Kemm ext4 u xfs huma journalling sistemi fajl li jfisser meta tikteb / iffrankar fajls għal disk, the file system will save somewhere else temporarily until the full file has been successfully saved. It makes a log of the status of the write and will complete save operations by checking the log. This approach cuts down on corrupted files.

 

Tħassir u Editjar Files

Linux jippermetti li jitħassar u jeditjaw fajls miftuħa. This is done by still linking the files to the OS even if it deleted. You can also move files whilst being partially downloaded or delete programs that are currently running without crashing.

 

Frammentazzjoni

Sistemi fajl Linux huma mfassla biex nimminimizzaw il-frammentazzjoni billi jżommu spazju biżżejjed bejn il-files fuq il-hard disk. This allows files to grow and still be written to the same location on the hard disk. Overtime though the file system can become fragmented where tools are provided for de-fragmentation.

 

 

 

 

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