Basic Linux Orduithe ar Linux agus Windows Córais Oibriúcháin

This writing is useful for those that wish to get started with Linux commands. Here you will find the most common commands that are used in Linux.

If you would like to run Linux commands on Windows then install Cygwin. Cygwin is a Linux layer on top of Windows that allows you to use Linux commands in Windows.

Má tá tú shuiteáil Cygwin ar Windows ansin an cosán réamhshocraithe nuair a thosaíonn tú go mbeidh an críochfort Cygwin bheith:

C:\cygwin64\home\{username}

 

Cruthaigh sampla nua comhad NotePadComment

touch textfile.txt

 

Eolaire Athrú

cd {directory path\name}

 

List directory content in long format ( -l ) including hidden files and directories ( -a )

ls -l -a

ls -al

 

Order files and directories by the time they were last modified

ls -t

 

List directory with pause and scrolling

ls -l | less

 

Taispeáin suíomh atá ann faoi láthair (print working directory)

pwd

 

Sliocht caite 100 focail comhad

tail -100 {filename.extension}

 

Sliocht dtús 100 sraitheanna de chomhad

head -100 {filename.extension}

 

Cóipeáil comhad

cp {source} {destination}

 

Bog comhad

mv {source} {destination}

 

Déan eolaire nua

mkdir {new directory name}

 

Scrios an comhad

rm {filename}

 

Delete an empty directory

rmdir {directory to remove}
rm -d{directory to remove}

 

Delete directory and its contents

rm -r {directory to remove}
rm -R{directory to remove}

 

Sórtáil an t-ábhar comhad

sort {filename to sort}

 

Bain iontrálacha dhúbailt i gcomhad

uniq {filename to remove duplicates}

 

Comhaid Comhbhrúigh

gzip {filename}

 

Comhbhrúigh eolaire

gzip -r {directory name}

 

Comhairigh líon na línte agus na focail i gcomhad téacs

wc {filename}

 

Search text within files for matching string pattern (case sensitive)

grep 'word' {filename}

 

Search text within files for matching string pattern (case insensitive)

grep -i 'word' {filename}

 

Search with a directory

grep -R Arctic /home/ccuser/workspace/geography

 

Ábhar taispeáint de chomhad téacs

cat

 

sed stream editor (similar to find and replace)

sed 's/snow/rain/' forests.txt

 

Athraigh an comhad agus eolaire ceadanna

chmod {options} {permissions} {filename}

 

Liosta orduithe déanaí a úsáidtear

history

 

Go huathoibríoch tascanna sceideal

cron
crontab

 

Athraigh ceadanna comhad

chmod {permission number} {some file or directory}
chmod 777 /storage

 

Athraigh ceadanna comhad Athchúrsach

chmod -R {permission number} {some file or directory}

 

 

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