El sistema d'arxius de Linux

 

This is a quick reference to the Linux file system.

The common file systems used on new Linux installations are:

  • EXT4
  • XFS

Ext4 permet reduir i ampliar els volums, mentre que XFS només permet ampliar volums.

 

Journalling

Tant ext4 i XFS es journalling sistemes de fitxers que vol dir en escriure / guardar arxius en un disc, the file system will save somewhere else temporarily until the full file has been successfully saved. It makes a log of the status of the write and will complete save operations by checking the log. This approach cuts down on corrupted files.

 

Eliminació i edició d'arxius

Linux permet esborrar i editar els arxius oberts. This is done by still linking the files to the OS even if it deleted. You can also move files whilst being partially downloaded or delete programs that are currently running without crashing.

 

Fragmentació

Sistemes d'arxius de Linux estan dissenyats per minimitzar la fragmentació en mantenir suficient espai entre els arxius en el disc dur. This allows files to grow and still be written to the same location on the hard disk. Overtime though the file system can become fragmented where tools are provided for de-fragmentation.

 

 

 

 

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