Partitioning Scheme of a Linux Web Server

Specifying a good partition scheme in Линукс can help when things go wrong. If a partition fails it will not effect the other partition’s data.

The following is a good partition scheme for a web server. Following numbers are for a 10Gb Hard Drive..

/boot
Contains all the files and directories to boot the Линукс kernel. The Linux kernel and GRUB boot loader files are stored here. This needs to be large enough to fit the Linux and GRUB loader files, as well as be able to allow for any future updates.
Големина: 10% (1Gb)

/
This is the root directory, where all other files appears. If a partition is not specified for other directories then they will be in this partition.
Големина: 25% (2.5Gb)

/home
Contains all users data and configuration files.
Големина: 25% (2.5Gb)

[swap]
Hard disk space used to help free up memory. It is препорачува to put the swap size at least twice the size of the allocated memory.
Големина: 15% (1.5Gb)

/tmp
Directory used by Linux to store temporary files. This directory is emptied at boot.
Големина: 10% (1Gb)

/var
Contains files that may change in size such logs and mail boxes.
Големина: 15% (1.5Gb)

Partition sizes can also be resized if they fill up. The above is a guide for initial sizes at installation.

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